In addition to this, women who experience complications during labour are 174% more likely to experience PND in comparison to those who do not.
Interestingly, the research team also found that mothers who have experienced stress, depression and/or anxiety in the past are less likely to experience postnatal depression after birth complications.
According to the study – which used the reproductive histories of 296 mothers – this is because these women are likely to have received more post-birth support due to their mental health concerns being previously recognised.
As a result of their findings, Dr Sarah Johns and Dr Sarah Myers conclude that both baby boys and birth complications should now be considered postnatal depression risk factors by health professionals.
“PND is a condition that is avoidable, and it has been shown that giving women at risk extra help and support can make it less likely to develop,” Dr Sarah Johns said.
“The finding that having a baby boy or a difficult birth increases a woman’s risk gives health practitioners two new and easy ways to identify women who would particularly benefit from additional support in the first few weeks and months.”
What are the symptoms of postnatal depression?
According to the NHS, the following symptoms may indicate postnatal depression. They are likely to develop within the first year of giving birth.
A persistent feeling of sadness or a low mood
Lack of enjoyment and loss of interest
Lack of energy and feeling tired all the time
Difficulty sleeping at night and feeling tired during the day
Difficulty bonding with your baby
Withdrawing from contact with other people
Problems concentrating and making decisions
Frightening thoughts – for example, about hurting your baby
Where to seek help for postnatal depression
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, don’t hesitate to book an appointment with your local GP. You may be recommended cognitive behavioural therapy or antidepressants to help combat the condition.
Unlike the ‘baby blues’, postnatal depression can last for months if left untreated and both men and women can suffer from the condition.
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