It has been quite the year for Europe’s future monarchs as both Denmark’s Prince Christian and Spain’s Princess Leonor have celebrated their 18th birthdays.
While Prince Christian had an all-out bash, inviting royalty from across Europe to the party at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen, Princess Leonor celebrated her milestone birthday with a more low-key affair – deciding to swear allegiance to her country's constitution instead.
Meanwhile the sixth season of Netflix's The Crown, which is based on the UK's Royal Family and will cover the period from the late 1990s to the early 2000s, is set to stream this month.
So, who’s who of the next generation of European royalty? From the princess who has joined her country’s military service, to the prince who will become a monarch despite having an older twin sister, we detail everything you need to know, below.
England: Prince George
The 10-year-old has been making more public appearances over the past year and took a central role as a Page of Honour at his grandfather, King Charles III’s coronation in May.
Spain: Princess Leonor
Spain’s Princess Leonor has just celebrated her 18th birthday by swearing allegiance to her country's constitution.
She is the eldest daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia and earlier this year began a three-year military training program to prepare for her future role as head of state.
Denmark: Prince Christian
Prince Christian of Denmark is second in line to the throne after his father, Crown Prince Frederik. Christian’s grandmother, Queen Margrethe II, is the current Danish ruler.
Christin recently held a lavish 18th birthday party that saw royals from across Europe attend - including his godparents, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden and Crown Prince Haakon of Norway. The party even had a real life Cinderella moment when a guest left their shoe at the event.
Sweden: Princess Estelle
Sweden is set to have two queens with its next two monarchs. Crown Princess Victoria will accede the throne following her father, King Carl XVI Gustaf’s reign.
Victoria’s eldest child, 11-year-old Princess Estelle, in second in line to the throne, and is currently attending classes at Campus Manilla on Royal Djurgården in Stockholm.
The Netherlands: Princess Catharina-Amalia
Princess Catharina-Amalia, also known as Princess Amalia, is first in line to the throne in the Netherlands and has held the title Princess of Orange, which is reserved for heirs, ever since her father, King Willem-Alexander, acceded the throne in 2013.
The 19-year-old is currently studying politics, psychology, law and economics at the University of Amsterdam.
Norway: Princess Ingrid
Princess Ingrid is currently second in line to the Norwegian throne, after her father, Crown Prince Haakon, and her grandfather, the current monarch, King Harald V.
The 19-year-old was given her own office at the Royal Palace after she turned 18, and had her confirmation in August this year.
According to her biography, the princess is “very interested in environmental protection and climate change”, and her first official engagement took place in 2009, when she marked World Environment Day.
Monaco: Prince Jacques
Prince Jacques is the eight-year-old son of current Monaco ruler, Prince Albert II and Princess Charlene, and is first in line to the throne – even though his twin sister, Princess Gabrielle, is two minutes older than him.
This is due to Monaco’s primogeniture laws that state that a male takes precedence over any females in the line of succession. A similar law to this existed the UK until just before the birth of Prince George, when it was changed so that males and females had equal precedence for rights to the throne.
Belgium: Princess Elisabeth
Princess Elisabeth, 22, is first in line to the Belgian throne as she is the eldest child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde.
She is currently studying history and politics at Oxford University in the UK after completing a year in social and military sciences at the Royal Military Academy in Belgium. According to the Belgian royal website, the princess is fluent in French, Dutch, German and English.
Netflix have revealed The Crown season 6 will return on Thursday 16 November. The season will be split into two parts, with four episodes in Part 1 and six episodes in Part 2.
The Crown season 6 Part 1 will drop on Thursday, 16 November, with the Crown season 6 Part 2 coming out on Thursday, 14 December.
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