Royal Family members around the world have been volunteering throughout the coronavirus pandemic, but the levels of personal protection have varied.
In the UK, devolved governments have been split on the level of protection needed for citizens as they go about daily life. It’s now recommended in England to wear masks when in enclosed public spaces.
Sophie, the Countess of Wessex, has been pictured in a mask and gloves on some of her charity visits throughout the UK lockdown.
When she joined cooks at Rhubarb to make meals for NHS workers, she was pictured wearing a mask and gloves, as she tied her hair back. She also wore both a mask and gloves when she visited a homeless shelter in early April.
But the countess didn’t wear a mask on a trip to a hospital in May, when she delivered bags of food to frontline nurses and midwives.
She kept to social distancing rules and did wear gloves.
Her niece, Princess Eugenie, faced some criticism on Instagram after sharing pictures of her and her husband Jack Brooksbank volunteering with the Salvation Army.
While the pair did have gloves on, they did not wear masks.
Buckingham Palace has been contacted for comment.
Most members of the British Royal Family have been in lockdown, so have not been seen with face masks on.
Prince Harry and Meghan Markle were pictured wearing face coverings in Los Angeles when they made food deliveries to vulnerable people who were shielding.
Prince William and Kate shared pictures of their daughter Charlotte helping to pack food parcels for older people near their home in Sandringham.
The five-year-old did not have a face covering on at the time, and no pictures were released of the other family members. The pictures were taken before the government advised coverings to be worn in crowded areas.
In Belgium, Royal Family members have been seen wearing masks and gloves regularly as they volunteer.
Princess Eleonore helped distribute food parcels in a homeless shelter in Brussels last week, along with her mother Queen Matilde.
On 19 May, Queen Matilde and King Philippe visited the Royal Museum of Fine Arts as it reopened following a two month closure.
The royals wore face masks for most of their visit, but were pictured with them off for a posed photo by one of the paintings.
But they have confirmed that most of their work is still going on virtually or over the phone.
They told followers on Twitter that the Prime Minister’s weekly meeting was now being held over the phone, and shared pictures of the younger royals making calls to vulnerable people in Belgium.
Entretiens avec des personnes âgées isolées et des résidents de maisons de repos des différentes régions du pays. Depuis le début de la crise du #Covid19, plus de 300 échanges intergénérationnels ont eu lieu pour soutenir les plus vulnérables.#EnsembleContreCorona pic.twitter.com/fnm5Lz0Esu— Belgian Royal Palace (@MonarchieBe) May 18, 2020
Dank aan de leerkrachten en directies om de leerlingen op een veilige manier te ontvangen. 💼📚— Belgian Royal Palace (@MonarchieBe) May 15, 2020
Merci aux directions d’écoles, aux enseignants et aux éducateurs pour les préparatifs et les adaptations visant à permettre un retour partiel et progressif des élèves.#backtoschool pic.twitter.com/NwF6EN55Kk
Eleonore went back to school on 15 May, with a video shared on the royals’ Twitter page showing her dropped off by her father.
While her father was wearing a mask, she did not have one on.
The video was shared with a message which read “thank you to school administrators, teachers and educators for the preparations and adaptations aimed at allowing a partial and gradual return of students”.
Teachers and staff all looked to be following social distancing rules.
In Belgium, schools began to reopen in mid-May but all had to follow social distancing, and class sizes are smaller.
It is compulsory there for anyone over the age of 12 to wear a mask on public transport, in schools and in workplaces.
The government has given every citizen at least one cloth face covering.
In the Netherlands, King Willem-Alexander showed his support for businesses in a post-lockdown world, as he visited a shopping centre in Stein.
He was pictured visiting a barber, a nail salon, an opticians and a physiotherapist as Holland began to reopen.
Businesses started to reopen in Holland from 11 May. The royal house said the King spoke to the business owners about the period that the company was closed, the financial consequences, uncertainties about the future and how to deal with the new protocols since the restart.
His wife, Queen Maxima, has also been returning to work. On 19 May, she made a working visit to the distribution centre of the Delft Food Bank Foundation.
The following day she went to the Department of Medical Microbiology of the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) to speak to staff about their work on a vaccine for COVID-19.
Koningin Máxima bezoekt het distributiecentrum van de Voedselbank Delft. Het werkbezoek vindt plaats in het kader van de uitbraak van het coronavirus (COVID-19). https://t.co/mI2JK4dlt3 #COVID19 pic.twitter.com/NzvMZ1Raxz— Koninklijk Huis (@koninklijkhuis) May 19, 2020
Koningin Máxima bezoekt het Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum (LUMC), naar aanleiding van het #coronavirus (COVID-19). Zij spreekt medewerkers van de afdeling Medische Microbiologie o.a. over de ontwikkeling van vaccins en geneesmiddelen in Nederland. https://t.co/x1GxoipnEV pic.twitter.com/bHmcl7hHst— Koninklijk Huis (@koninklijkhuis) May 20, 2020
Royals in the Netherlands are practicing social distancing as they carry out their visits, and according to the website, are still doing much of their work over the phone.
The palace has said it is taking measures with each organisation before working visits take place.
Face masks are also compulsory in the Netherlands on public transport, but they aren’t necessary in stations, as long as social distancing is adhered to.
In Spain, King Felipe and Queen Letizia are also beginning to work in public again after the lockdown.
The royals were both tested for coronavirus early on in the outbreak because a cabinet minister they worked with contracted the disease.
However neither of them picked it up.
On Thursday the royal couple wore face masks as they visited a fruit and vegetable market in Madrid. The king had previously held a video call with some of the representatives from the market, at the beginning of the COVID-19 response.
Their royal Twitter account shows most of their work is being conducted via video call.
King Felipe did make a speech at a conference on 18 May, and attendees were shown sitting several sets apart to maintain social distancing.
In Spain, use of masks in public is recommended but not compulsory. Those returning to work have to follow social distancing and have the right protective equipment.
Millions of masks have been handed out to Spaniards at transport hubs.
The Danish royal family confirmed that all four of their children are back in school after being educated at home during the lockdown.
Prince Christian and Princess Isabella, the second and third in line to the throne in Denmark, returned to school on 18 May, but it was a few more days before their older siblings went back too.
Posting on Instagram, Crown Princess Mary wrote: “We are happy that all four children are back in school. I think they have been good at dealing with what has been a very different everyday life.
“But they are happy to return to all that they have missed: the teaching, their peers, the teachers, the neighbourhoods - in short, a school life that provides the structure of everyday life that children have found they appreciate.”
The photo she shared showed the backs of the children’s heads so it’s not clear if they’ll be wearing face masks in the classroom.
The four children were pulled out of boarding school in Switzerland in March as countries began to lockdown their borders. The royal family said the children would continue their education in Denmark once schools were open again.