It’s the silent condition that 10 per cent of women in the UK are suffering from, but most of them don’t even realise they have it.Endometriosis is a condition that’s had a spotlight shone on it in recent years thanks to Girl’s creator Lena Dunham’s very public battle with it, and Alexa Chung revealing she has the condition in a viral Instagram post.It affects one in 10 women in the UK and can cause 30 to 50 per cent of sufferers to be infertile. So what is endometriosis?Dr Haider Jan, Consultant Gynaecologist and Obstetrician at The Lister Hospital, part of HCA Healthcare UK told the Standard: “Endometriosis is a condition where cells similar to those that line the womb - grow and embed outside of the womb causing pain, inflammation and also in some cases a difficulty in falling pregnant.“It is estimated that up to 10 per cent of women in the UK suffer with endometriosis, many of which are undiagnosed. This approximates to almost 1.5 million women in the UK, almost as many as those who suffer with diabetes.” What are the signs of endometriosis and how is it diagnosed?Endometriosis is notoriously difficult to diagnose as the symptoms can feel like severe period pain.Dr Jan said: “It is very difficult to diagnose endometriosis based on symptoms alone although there are many particular signs one should look out for. Painful periods, pain leading up to a period, pain during deep intercourse, pain after sex, mid menstrual cycle pain, and pain whilst opening the bowels are key symptoms which would concern me as a consultant.“If a symptom arises around the menstrual cycle it is likely to be hormonally related and so points to endometriosis or Adenomyosis.”If you think you have any of these symptoms, it’s best to see your GP who can point you in the right direction. According to Endometriosis UK, “the only definitive way to diagnose endometriosis is by a laparoscopy - an operation in which a camera (a laparoscope) is inserted into the pelvis via a small cut near the navel”. How can you tell the difference between endometriosis and severe period pain?Period pain is a symptom of endometriosis so it can be easy to dismiss endometriosis as bad cramps.Dr Jan explained: “Period pain can have many causes - only one of which being endometriosis. We do know however, that severe period pain in adolescence may be a significant pointer towards endometriosis, and so should be investigated further.”If you experienced severe period pain through adolescence, coupled with the symptoms listed above, make an appointment with your GP. How is endometriosis treated?Unfortunately, if you are diagnosed with endometriosis there is no cure, but there are a number of treatments available to help relieve the pain – this should be decided between you and your healthcare professional.
Aside from the pain, periods can cause mood swings, a sluggish feeling and lowered motivation.
From feeling intimidated by the influx of people taking mirror selfies to having anxieties about pulling a muscle or dropping a weight on your face… going to the gym can be daunting if you don’t really know what you’re doing. For example, while swimming might be particularly good for octogenarians with low mobility, women in their 20s should make the most of their strong and capable muscles by lifting weights. Read on to find out what personal trainers think women in their 20s really need to do in the gym.
A male contraceptive pill is closer to reality, with scientists revealing the capsule has passed initial stages of testing. A month-long study of 40 male participants was conducted by the University of Washington, where users took a once-daily capsule to try and suppress the levels of hormones that contribute to the production of sperm. The researchers found that hormone levels in the men taking the pill fell, with sperm counts notably reduced.
If you've ever attempted to lose weight, you've probably at least tried to use a calorie counting app at some point. After all, creating a caloric deficit is often considered the key to shedding the pounds. Researchers at the University of Vermont and the University of South Carolina conducted a six-month study in which 142 participants recorded their daily consumption of food and drink online, including calorie and fat intake.
Exercise at night could reduce your hunger. Many of us skip exercise later in the evening – claiming we are too busy with dinner preparations, parenting or catching up with our latest Netflix binge. Or else we might avoid the late evening workout on purpose, because we are worried think it will interfere with our sleep.
Over the last few years, Casey Gemmel had been focusing her time and effort on raising her three kids. So much so that she didn’t even realize that she had been gaining weight.