Smallpox is one of the only diseases to have been eradicated by sustained human effort. But before it was eliminated in 1977, it claimed an estimated 300 million lives in the 20th century alone. The highly contagious disease was characterised by fever and a spotted skin rash. Although most people recovered, about three in every 10 people died from smallpox.One of the most challenging places when it came to eradicating smallpox was India, largely because of its size, geographic complexity and population. Despite the Indian government initiating its own national campaign to eliminate smallpox in 1962, vaccinating the entire population was painfully slow and challenging – especially with the country’s rapidly growing population.
When it comes to preparing the perfect Christmas dinner, the options are endless - with countless sides and mains to choose from.However, for many families, sitting down to Christmas dinner wouldn’t be complete without a roast turkey.
People who sleep for more than nine hours each night or take long naps during the day may have an increased risk of stroke compared with those who sleep less, according to new research.A Chinese study, published in the journal Neurology, examined the sleep habits of 31,750 healthy adults, using a combination of physical examinations and self-reported data.
Everyone has a gardening lover in their life, and the tools they use can range from the most expensive secateurs to the simplest pot.
A young boy invited his entire kindergarten class to celebrate with him on the occasion of his adoption.Thursday 5 December marked the 23rd annual Adoption Day at Kent County Courthouse, Michigan, during which 37 children were welcomed into their forever homes.
An Alzheimer’s charity has heavily criticised a Christmas card that mocks an old man with the condition as “utterly inappropriate”.The card in question, which was created by comic company Modern Toss, features an illustration depicting an old man being led away from a Christmas dinner table.
The launch of a McVeggie burger at McDonald’s in New Zealand has sparked confusion among customers, as the burger is not technically classed as vegetarian.This week, McDonald’s New Zealand announced it had added the McVeggie burger to its menu following a successful trial earlier this year.
Parents with small children will no doubt already be familiar with the phenomenon that is Elf on the Shelf. According to a study last year, there were around 1 million monthly online searches for the children's toy.
While many revel in the arrival of the colder months, excited to join in the celebrations of the festive period, others will have to cope with the unpleasantness of norovirus.Otherwise known as the “winter vomiting bug”, it is estimated that the health condition affects between 600,000 and a million people in the UK every year.
Men who exercise regularly could cut their risk of prostate cancer in half, a new study has found.According to experts, daily activity – which can include gardening or walking – has a “far larger” protective effect than previously thought.
Setting an alarm on your phone, putting it next to your toothbrush – however you remember to take your oral contraceptive pill, it can be a hassle and easily forgotten in the midst of a busy daily routine.But now scientists are developing an oral contraceptive that would only need to be taken once a month, the first of its kind in the world.
Permanent hair dyes and chemical straighteners have been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, a new study has found.The findings, published in the International Journal of Cancer, come after years of concerns regarding the potential impacts hair products have on health.
Thousands of people in the UK, particularly young women, are having their appendix removed unnecessarily, according to new research.A study conducted by the University of Birmingham has found that almost a third of women (28 per cent) and 12 per cent of men in the UK who undergo surgery for suspected appendicitis end up having a normal appendix removed
A same-sex couple has become the first in the world to carry the same baby in both their wombs as part of a landmark “shared motherhood” procedure.British couple Jasmine and Donna Francis-Smith welcomed their son, Otis, two months ago.
A new study has claimed that brushing your teeth more than twice a day could reduce your risk of suffering heart failure by more than 10 per cent.Researchers from the Ewha Woman’s University in Seoul, South Korea conducted an investigation to determine whether improved oral hygiene could be associated with a decreased risk of occurrence of atrial fibrillation – a health condition that causes an abnormally fast heart rate – and heart failure.
Liam Payne has opened up about his past struggles with alcohol, saying that he “hid it very well” while promoting his solo music career.The singer, who was a member of One Direction from 2010 to 2016 prior to the band’s “indefinite hiatus”, spoke about his experience of alcohol dependency in a new interview with The Guardian.
Taylor Swift has worn archive Chanel on the cover of British Vogue to raise awareness of sustainability in fashion, the publication’s editor-in-chief has said.On Monday 2 December, it was revealed that Swift had been chosen to star on the cover of British Vogue‘s January 2020 issue, which includes an interview between the singer and composer Andrew Lloyd Webber.
As World Aids Day 2019 takes place, NHS England is facing pressure to begin offering the groundbreaking HIV medicine Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP).Administered as a pill under the brand name Truvada, patients in England can currently only receive PrEP without charge as part of the Impact Trial, which began in September 2017 and aims to test its effectiveness on 13,000 people.
An Italian man, who is gay and single, has been praised on social media for adopting a girl with Down’s Syndrome after she was rejected by 20 families.Luca Trapanese, 41, adopted his daughter, Alba, in July 2017 after having spent years caring for people with disabilities as a volunteer in Naples.
A new test for prostate cancer that only requires a urine sample, to be collected at home, is being developed by scientists.Currently there is no single definitive test for prostate cancer, but the NHS says a GP is likely to take a blood sample to look for antigens or perform a rectal exam, or even an MRI scan, which it says can cause “unnecessary anxiety” and stress in men.
The number of people living with cancer in the UK has risen by almost 500,000 in just five years and someone is now diagnosed on average every 90 seconds, says new research.This is an increase of a fifth and brings the total number of people in the UK with cancer to almost three million according to the data compiled by Macmillan cancer support.
A nursery has sparked outrage after becoming one of the first in Britain to introduce an exclusively vegan menu for its pupils.Jigsaw Day Nurseries in Chester will no longer serve meat or dairy products to the 260 children in their care as of January 2020.
Celebrities have begun to pay tribute to Gary Rhodes after the news was announced that the celebrity chef died in Dubai on Tuesday evening.Gordon Ramsay, Jamie Oliver and Tom Kerridge are among those who celebrated Rhodes' career and accomplishments shortly after the news broke.