The MSNBC host warned what's being overlooked as the president continues to contest the election result.
The "Enhanced Vision Systems - Global Market Outlook (2019-2027)" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Iran expects foreign companies to return to the country if U.S. sanctions are lifted under President-elect Joe Biden and some firms have made initial contacts already, Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei said on Tuesday. Major foreign companies left Iran after U.S. President Donald Trump two years ago abandoned Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers and restored economic sanctions.
The "Powered Agriculture Equipment - Global Market Outlook (2019-2027)" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Am hiFORM 8.3 PUBLIC OPENING POSITION DISCLOSURE/DEALING DISCLOSURE BY A PERSON WITH INTERESTS IN RELEVANT SECURITIES REPRESENTING 1% OR MORERule 8.3 of the Takeover Code (the “Code”) 1. KEY INFORMATION (a) Full name of discloser: Dimensional Fund Advisors Ltd. (“Dimensional”), in its capacity as investment manager and on behalf its affiliates who are also investment managers. Dimensional and its affiliates expressly disclaim beneficial ownership of the shares described in this form 8.3(b) Owner or controller of interests and short positions disclosed, if different from 1(a): The naming of nominee or vehicle companies is insufficient. For a trust, the trustee(s), settlor and beneficiaries must be named. (c) Name of offeror/offeree in relation to whose relevant securities this form relates: Use a separate form for each offeror/offeree AA plc(GB00BMSKPJ95)(d) If an exempt fund manager connected with an offeror/offeree, state this and specify identity of offeror/offeree: (e) Date position held/dealing undertaken: For an opening position disclosure, state the latest practicable date prior to the disclosure 23 November 2020(f) In addition to the company in 1(c) above, is the discloser making disclosures in respect of any other party to the offer? If it is a cash offer or possible cash offer, state “N/A” N/A If YES, specify which: 2. POSITIONS OF THE PERSON MAKING THE DISCLOSURE If there are positions or rights to subscribe to disclose in more than one class of relevant securities of the offeror or offeree named in 1(c), copy table 2(a) or (b) (as appropriate) for each additional class of relevant security. (a) Interests and short positions in the relevant securities of the offeror or offeree to which the disclosure relates following the dealing (if any) Class of relevant security: 0.1p Ordinary Shares Interests Short positions Number % Number %(1) Relevant securities owned and/or controlled: 8,494,988* 1.36% (2) Cash-settled derivatives: (3) Stock-settled derivatives (including options) and agreements to purchase/sell: TOTAL: 8,494,988 1.36% *Dimensional Fund Advisors Ltd. and / or its affiliates do not control voting discretion for 121,388 shares. All interests and all short positions should be disclosed. Details of any open stock-settled derivative positions (including traded options), or agreements to purchase or sell relevant securities, should be given on a Supplemental Form 8 (Open Positions). (b) Rights to subscribe for new securities (including directors’ and other employee options) Class of relevant security in relation to which subscription right exists: Details, including nature of the rights concerned and relevant percentages: 3. DEALINGS (IF ANY) BY THE PERSON MAKING THE DISCLOSURE Where there have been dealings in more than one class of relevant securities of the offeror or offeree named in 1(c), copy table 3(a), (b), (c) or (d) (as appropriate) for each additional class of relevant security dealt in. The currency of all prices and other monetary amounts should be stated. (a) Purchases and sales Class of relevant security Purchase/sale Number of securities Price per unitOrdinary shares Sale 24,989 GBP 0.3275 (b) Cash-settled derivative transactions Class of relevant security Product descriptione.g. CFD Nature of dealinge.g. opening/closing a long/short position, increasing/reducing a long/short position Number of reference securities Price per unit (c) Stock-settled derivative transactions (including options) (i) Writing, selling, purchasing or varying Class of relevant security Product description e.g. call option Writing, purchasing, selling, varying etc. Number of securities to which option relates Exercise price per unit Typee.g. American, European etc. Expiry date Option money paid/ received per unit (ii) Exercise Class of relevant security Product descriptione.g. call option Exercising/ exercised against Number of securities Exercise price per unit (d) Other dealings (including subscribing for new securities) Class of relevant security Nature of dealinge.g. subscription, conversion Details Price per unit (if applicable) 4. OTHER INFORMATION (a) Indemnity and other dealing arrangements Details of any indemnity or option arrangement, or any agreement or understanding, formal or informal, relating to relevant securities which may be an inducement to deal or refrain from dealing entered into by the person making the disclosure and any party to the offer or any person acting in concert with a party to the offer:Irrevocable commitments and letters of intent should not be included. If there are no such agreements, arrangements or understandings, state “none” (b) Agreements, arrangements or understandings relating to options or derivatives Details of any agreement, arrangement or understanding, formal or informal, between the person making the disclosure and any other person relating to:(i) the voting rights of any relevant securities under any option; or (ii) the voting rights or future acquisition or disposal of any relevant securities to which any derivative is referenced:If there are no such agreements, arrangements or understandings, state “none” (c) Attachments Is a Supplemental Form 8 (Open Positions) attached? NO Date of disclosure: 24 November 2020 Contact name: Thomas HoneTelephone number: 020 3033 3419 Public disclosures under Rule 8 of the Code must be made to a Regulatory Information Service and must also be emailed to the Takeover Panel at firstname.lastname@example.org. The Panel’s Market Surveillance Unit is available for consultation in relation to the Code’s disclosure requirements on +44 (0)20 7638 0129. The Code can be viewed on the Panel’s website at www.thetakeoverpanel.org.uk.
The girlfriend of I’m A Celeb star AJ Pritchard has spoken out to insist he is “100 per cent not gay”.
Growing preference for spunbond nonwovens in comparison to other nonwovens, the growing use of spunbond nonwoven fabrics in the medical sector, and high demand for polypropylene spunbond nonwovens are the key factors driving the growth of this market.New York, Nov. 24, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report "Spunbond Nonwovens Market by Function, By Material Type, End-Use And Region - Global Forecast to 2025" - https://www.reportlinker.com/p05184180/?utm_source=GNW The high cost of finished products affects the pricing structure of the intermediary industry and stagnant growth in baby diaper segment in matured markets acts as a key restraint to the growth of the spunbond nonwovens market.Disposable spunbond nonwoven is the largest segment of the global spunbond nonwovens market, by function.The disposable segment accounted for the larger share of the spunbond nonwovens market in 2019.This large share is mainly attributed to the material being cost-effective and the key functional properties which make it a preferred material, especially for products which have limited use, such as adult incontinence products, baby diapers, and sanitary pads.Extensive R&D is being carried out to increase the bio-degradability of disposable spunbonded nonwoven products.Polylactic acid spunbonded nonwovens have gathered attention as they are known to be biodegradable and biocompatible.Fitesa is among the leading producers for polylactic acid spunbonded nonwovens.Polypropylene is the largest material type in the spunbond nonwovens market.Polypropylene is the largest material type segment in the spunbond nonwovens market.Polypropylene is cheaper in comparison to other raw materials, which makes it a preferred material, especially for disposable products such as baby diapers, adult incontinence products, and sanitary pads.One of the major advantages of using polypropylene is its affordability and yield. They have low specific gravity and highest versatility amongst other available raw materials.Asia Pacific is projected to lead the spunbond nonwovens market during the forecast period.Asia Pacific is expected to lead the global spunbond nonwovens market during the forecast period.The growth of the Asia Pacific spunbond nonwovens market is mainly driven by rising disposable incomes and the growing consumption of disposable products.The spunbond nonwovens market in the Asia Pacific region is expected to grow at the highest CAGR from 2020 to 2025. This growth is primarily attributed to the high demand for spunbond nonwovens from countries such as China, Japan, India, and South Korea.The break-up of profiles of primary participants for the report has been given below:• By Company Type: Tier 1—50%, Tier 2—25%, and Tier 3—25%• By Designation: C Level—45%, D Level—30%, and Others—25%• By Region: Asia Pacific—45%, North America—15%, Europe—25%, Middle East & Africa—10% South America—5%,Major companies in the spunbond nonwovens market include Schouw & Co. (Denmark), Mitsui Chemicals, Inc. (Japan), Johns Manville Corporation (US), Fitesa S.A. (US), RadiciGroup SpA (Italy), Avgol Nonwovens (Israel), Kimberly-Clark Corporation (US), Berry Global Group, Inc. (US), Toray Industries, Inc. (Japan), Asahi Kasei Corporation (Japan), Pegas Nonwovens SA (Luxembourg), Kuraray Co., Ltd. (Japan), Kolon Industries, Inc. (South Korea), DuPont de Nemours and Company (US), and Mogul (Turkey).Research CoverageThis report defines, segments, and projects the spunbond nonwovens market based on material type, end use, function, and region.It strategically profiles key market players and comprehensively analyzes the ranking of leading players in the market.It also tracks and analyzes competitive developments such as expansions, acquisitions, collaboration, investments, new product launches, and mergers in the market.Reasons to Buy the ReportThis report is expected to help market leaders/new entrants in this market by providing them the closest approximations of revenues of the spunbond nonwovens market and its subsegments.This report is also expected to help stakeholders obtain an improved understanding of the competitive landscape, gain insights to enhance the position of their businesses, and enable them to make suitable go-to-market strategies.The report is expected to help stakeholders understand the pulse of the market and provide them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05184180/?utm_source=GNWAbout ReportlinkerReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place.__________________________ CONTACT: Clare: email@example.com US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001
The "Europe Dry Eye Product Market to 2027- Covid-19 Impact and Regional Analysis by product ( Artificial tears, Antibiotic Drops, Hormone Drops and Others); Type (OTC Drugs, Prescription Drugs);and Country." report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
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Chelsea will secure their place in the Champions League knockout stages with a win over Rennes tonight. A 3-0 victory over the same opponents in their previous European bout has the Blues in a strong position, with Frank Lampard keen to confirm progression and rest some players. Rennes vs Chelsea is scheduled for a 5.55pm GMT kick-off today (Tuesday, November 24, 2020).
Connectis Rebrands Business - Connectis ICT Services Company Owned by Netherlands HQ’d Getronics Group Defines New Positioning
The "Latin America B2C E-Commerce and Payment Market 2020 & COVID-19's Impact" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
Dublin, Nov. 24, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "E-cigarettes - Global Market Trajectory & Analytics" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. Urgent Need to End the Tobacco Epidemic Gives e-Cigarettes a $24.5 Billion Global OpportunityThe global market for e-Cigarettes is expected to reach US$24.5 billion by the year 2027, trailing a post COVID-19 CAGR of 8.3% over the analysis period 2020 through 2027. Tobacco epidemic is the biggest public health crisis the world is facing. Tobacco smoking kills more than 8 million people worldwide and is the second largest reason for mortality after high blood pressure. Globally, there has been a significant increase in number of respiratory disorder cases, including COPD (such as emphysema and bronchitis), asthma, and respiratory infections. COPD is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality that entails the dubious distinction of being the fastest growing cause of death in countries such as the US. During the past 25 years, death rate for COPD has increased up to 70% and an estimated 15 million adults are affected by COPD in the US alone. This high prevalence of COPD can be attributed to high levels of smoking, the leading risk factor for the disease. E-cigarette or electronic cigarette is a handheld electronic device that vaporizes a liquid that is available in different flavors. Tobacco vapor products and e-cigarettes feel and look just like traditional cigarettes. e-Cigarettes are less harmful than traditional cigarettes as they contain lower levels of toxic chemicals and are promoted as a therapeutic instrument for helping smokers quit traditional smoking. Amid the backdrop of stringent anti-tobacco regulations; increased taxation; declining smoking habits in several key markets; ban on advertisements and branding; growing threat of counterfeit, illicit and contraband cigarettes; and increasing restrictions on public smoking, leading cigarette manufacturers are keenly eyeing the rapidly growing market fore-Cigarettes for offsetting revenue shortfalls.The market, on the basis of component, is segmented into Vape Mod, Atomizer, E-liquid, and Customizer. On the basis of type, the market is segregated into disposable, modular and rechargeable. The e-liquid used in e-cigarette is made of glycerin, propylene glycol, flavorings and nicotine. Growing interest among new smokers, ex-smokers and current smokers is poised to inflate the demand. Open tank systems, featuring advanced technology, high interoperability and customization, have become the most popular product in the market. Closed tank systems come with large tanks, longer battery life, higher vapor formation ability, and combine all the benefits of open tank systems and rechargeable e-cigarettes. Developed as a safe substitute for smoking cigarettes by leading tobacco companies, these battery-operated devices are growing in popularity among young millennial. Another factor that is likely to strengthen demand is the availability of an array of e-cigarettes options. The market will continue to benefit from factors like cost-effectiveness, presence of well-established brands, product customizations, growing health concerns, increasing demand for ash less and smokeless vaping, increasing number of designated stores and vape shops, and expected health benefits. Changes in preferences & lifestyle, different fragrances & flavors are also steering market growth. Other key factors driving growth in the market include the launch of new products, declining consumption of cigarettes, as well as growing adoption of Next Generation Products (NGPs).Availability of easy and strong distribution channels, particularly e-commerce platform and online websites, is a major factor driving market growth. These channels provide an opportunity to market players to expand their operations both globally and locally. At present, retail channels like tobacco users, convenience stores and vape shops act as primary distribution channels and generate maximum revenue. Of late, various e-cigarette brands have shifted their attention to online retail channels and social media platforms for promoting their products. In addition, several players are leveraging mobile ads for advertising e-cigarettes. Mobile ads or paid ads on smartphones, websites and applications are optimized for mobile and hold immense potential to reach a large number of young people. Companies are also marketing e-liquids that imitate common food items, with some of them holding high appeal for kids. Another strategy adopted by e-cigarette brands is to target various distribution channels including online platforms, hypermarkets, supermarkets and specialized retailers. Various supermarket chains in different regions have started selling e-cigarettes. The product demand is also facilitated by mushrooming vape shops and vape cafes across the US and the UK. The increasing access to e-cigarettes through these distribution channels is anticipated to further help brands in pushing overall demand for e-cigarettes.Competitors identified in this market include, among others: Altria Group, Inc.British American Tobacco PLCImperial Brands PLCJapan Tobacco, Inc.NJOY LLC Key Topics Covered: I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & REPORT SCOPEII. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY1. MARKET OVERVIEW Vaping Market to Regain Strength once the COVID-19 Smoke Gets ClearedE Cigarette: An IntroductionE-Cigarette Market Poised for GrowthRegional Outlook: Developed Economies Lead, Developing Regions at the Forefront of Future GrowthCompetitive Scenario: Tobacco Giants Foray into Bustling E-cigarettes MarketRecognized Brands Serving Global E-Cigarette MarketRecent Market ActivityGlobal Competitor Market Shares 2. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS SELECT GLOBAL BRANDS 3. MARKET TRENDS & DRIVERS Vaping Continues to Enjoy Increasing Popularity and Gains GloballyNegative Effects of Tobacco: Strong DriverRole of Smoking in Respiratory Disorders Drives GrowthYoung Adults: Primary ConsumersE-Cigarette Brands Bet Heavily on Aggressive Marketing Strategies to Advertise Products and Target Young PeopleExposure of Youth to AdsIllegal Marketing and Distribution of Flavored Products Prompt US FDA to Ban Several E-Cigarette BrandsAutomatic E-Cigarettes: Dominates the MarketImproved Access to Distribution ChannelsProduct Innovations: Key to Future GrowthGovernment Mechanisms for Curbing Cigarettes ConsumptionHealth Implications of Vaping Put E-Cigarette Brands under ScrutinyHeated Tobacco Device Cause Damage to Lung CellsE-cigarettes Brought under Regulatory ScannerE-Cigarettes: Regulatory Regime with Friendly and Unfriendly LegislationsUnited StatesCanadaEuropean UnionAsia-PacificOther Regions 4. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVEIII. MARKET ANALYSIS GEOGRAPHIC MARKET ANALYSISUNITED STATESRegulations Impacting Market GrowthDemographic Trends Related to Use of E-Cigarettes in the USMarket AnalyticsCANADAJAPANCHINAEUROPEThe Tobacco Products DirectiveEU TPD Directive to Control Marketing of Tobacco Products and E-cigs, Bans Flavored CigarettesMarket AnalyticsFRANCEGERMANYITALYHigh Cigarette Prices Catalyze Consumer Migration to AlternativesMarket AnalyticsUNITED KINGDOMRising Prevalence of Underage Vaping Paves Way for App-Controlled E-CigarettesIreland: Regulation to Curb Tobacco SalesMarket AnalyticsSPAINRUSSIAREST OF EUROPEASIA-PACIFICIndia: Citing Addiction Risk, Indian Government Looks Ahead to Ban E-CigarettesMarket AnalyticsAUSTRALIASOUTH KOREAREST OF ASIA-PACIFICREST OF WORLD IV. COMPETITION Total Companies Profiled: 56 For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/u7ge Research and Markets also offers Custom Research services providing focused, comprehensive and tailored research. CONTACT: CONTACT: ResearchAndMarkets.com Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager firstname.lastname@example.org For E.S.T Office Hours Call 1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call 1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900
Result of Riksbank reversed auctions SEK Kommuninvest Bonds Auction date2020-11-24Loan2311Coupon1.00 %ISIN-codeSE0010948240Maturity2023-11-13Tendered volume, SEK mln1,000 +/- 250Volume offered, SEK mln4,000 Volume bought, SEK mln1,000 Number of bids12 Number of accepted bids3 Average yield-0.005 %Lowest accepted yield-0.006 %Highest yield-0.004 %% accepted at lowest yield 55.00 Auction date2020-11-24Loan2505Coupon1.00 %ISIN-codeSE0011414010Maturity2025-05-12Tendered volume, SEK mln1,000 +/- 250 Volume offered, SEK mln4,260 Volume bought, SEK mln1,000 Number of bids14 Number of accepted bids 2Average yield0.093 %Lowest accepted yield0.092 %Highest yield0.093 %% accepted at lowest yield 100.00
Factors such as the growing demand for quality food due to increasing instances of food poisoning, changing food preferences, increase in global food trade and the stringent regulations for import or export of food products in order to ensure the compliance with food safety standards.New York, Nov. 24, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report "Food Certification Market by Type, Application, Risk Category And Region - Global Forecast to 2025" - https://www.reportlinker.com/p05404286/?utm_source=GNW The ISO 22000 segment is projected to be the largest segment, by type, in the food certification market during the forecast period.Complex supply chains increase the chances of food contamination due to improper handling.Therefore, there is increased demand for ISO 22000 among retailers, manufactueres and growers which offers benefits to the food supply chain, such as determines and manages safety risks, offers preventive and corrective measures to food safety management, and reduces or eliminates the risk of food recalls.It is one of the most important food safety certifications concerning the food safety hazards in the food & beverage industry, trusted by several stakeholders.The meat, poultry & sea-food segment is projected to account for the largest market during the forecast period.A significant increase in the consumption of meat and meat products urges the need for having stringent food certification norms to ensure the safety and authenticity of meat, including Halal and Kosher, especially in countries with more muslim population.Regulatory bodies like Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has set up regulations for the analysis of data from sample collection programs, rapid chilling, adequate trimming, and sanitary washing that are enforced to reduce microbial contamination for poultry and meat products.The stringent regulations like proper certification and labeling requirements for the import of animal products is projected to drive the growth of the meat, poultry, and seafood products segment in the food certification market.The high-risk segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.In high-risk foods, threat is projected to remain higher due to their susceptibility to pathogen growth.Due to the increase in foodborne illnesses, affecting millions of people every year, it is a serious concern across the globe.Therefore, food certification in the case of high-risk foods being exported, it is mandated by government bodies to ensure that they comply with the safety requirements of the importing country, thereby driving the growth of the food certification market.The European market is estimated to account for the largest market share due to the adoption of food safety measures .European market is growing in the food certification market as people are getting aware of food safety.They are having high purchasing power and thus are willing to pay for premium produtcs in order to lead a healthy lifestyle.Lately, food safety in Europe has been affected by developments that have changed the conditions under which food products are manufactured, processed, traded, distributed, and consumed. The food certification market in Europe is driven by the regulatory environment, which mandates food manufacturers to adopt certifications such as International Featured Standards (IFS) and The British Retail Consortium (BRC).Break-up of Primaries• By Company Type: Supply side -58%, Demand side -42%• By Designation: CXOs - 18%, Managers - 27%, and Executives - 55%• By Region: North America - 43%, Asia Pacific - 25%, Europe - 25%, Rest of the World (RoW)** - 7%** RoW includes South Africa, Middle East and Rest in Africa.Leading players profiled in this report• SGS (Switzerland),• DNV (Norway),• Lloyd’s Register (UK),• Bureau Veritas (France),• Control Union Certifications (Netherlands), Intertek (UK),• Eurofins (Luxembourg),• TÜV SÜD (Germany),• AsureQuality (New Zealand),• DEKRA (Germany),• Kiwa Sverige (Sweden),• ALS (Australia),• NSF International (US).• Aspirata (South Africa),• International Certification Ltd (New Zealand),• Control Union Certifications (Netherlands),• Indocert (India), TQ Cert (India),• Eurofins (Luxeumbourg),• Socotec (France)• MS Certification Services (India).Research CoverageThis report segments the food certification market on the basis of crop type, technology, type, form, application method, and region. In terms of insights, this research report focuses on various levels of analyses—competitive landscape, end-use analysis, and company profiles—which together comprise and discuss the basic views on the emerging & high-growth segments of the food certification market, the high-growth regions, countries, government initiatives, market disruption, drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges.Reasons to buy this report• To get a comprehensive overview of the food certification market• To gain wide-ranging information about the top players in this industry, their product portfolios, and key strategies adopted by them• To gain insights about the major countries/regions, in which the food certification market is flourishingRead the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05404286/?utm_source=GNWAbout ReportlinkerReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place.__________________________ CONTACT: Clare: email@example.com US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001
A yearly internet forum in China, home to the “Chinese Firewall” and known for its massive restrictions of its domestic internet, underlines the fact that the idea of a truly global internet for all does not have much chance to ever being realized. Recent actions by India and the US risk fracturing the World Wide Web even more. It sounds idealistic: “building a community with a shared future in cyberspace”, the slogan of the Wuzhen Internet Conference 2020, its official site supported by a flashy videos, proclaims. “Countries [should] follow the trend of the times,” the site explains, “shoulder responsibility for development … and jointly promote global governance in cyberspace.”The three-day forum focuses primarily on technology, with discussions on “Belt and Road cooperation in cyberspace” and “youth and digital future.”But the Wuzhen conference hides deep fault lines that run through the internet and indicate that those fault lines are about to split wide open.The Wuzhen event, held near the picturesque fishing village of the same name, is now in its sixth year an showcases “cutting-edge scientific and technological achievements in areas technology areas like artificial intelligence, cloud computing, big data, blockchain and 5G,” according to the state-controlled website China.org.cn. Many of the meetings take place online, due to the Covid-19 pandemic."We remain committed to building an international platform for connecting China and the world, and a Chinese platform for an internet, shared and governed by all," Zhuang Rongwen, minister of the organizer, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) was quoted as saying.The main goal of CAC and the Wuzhen conference? Presenting the world with an “alternative” way to administer the WWW.In 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping said that while "China is ready to work with other countries to deepen international cooperation,” the “sovereignty of the Internet” should be respected, and governments should work on an “international internet governance system.”In practice, this means that while “the internet provides individuals with greater freedom to speak and share information,” this cannot be a free-for-all, according to Beijing.“The public should also be responsible for their speech and conscientious about disseminating information that will harm the country's development,” according to the pro-China’s Communist Party newspaper Global Times. "Measures must be taken to prevent “rumormongering” that can “harm the nation," it added.Government scrutinyToday, it is increasingly clear what China’s “internet governance model” stands for. Some aspects may find echoes in Western calls to break up internet giants such as Google, Facebook and Amazon. The Wuzhen event takes place as the China’s own internet giants, including Alibaba, Tencent Holdings and Meituan face increasing government scrutiny.Earlier this month the planned $37 billion share market listing of Alibaba affiliate Ant Group was suspended after regulators warned its lucrative online lending business faced tighter scrutiny.Alibaba’s e-commerce marketplaces and payment services are also expected to face greater oversight under the draft rules published on 10 November by China’s State Administration for Market Regulation, which said it wanted to prevent platforms from dominating the market or from adopting methods aimed at blocking fair competition.World Wide Web worriesBut apart from commercial concerns, Wuzhen comes at a time when internet censorship in China went into high gear.The World Wide Web, the user friendly interface of the internet created by Tim Berners-Lee and Cern in 1989 was meant to connect people world wide and without restrictions. But China already issued regulations to restrict access to the internet in 1994, one full year before even the first Chinese citizen could log in. Other authoritarian regimes, such as Vietnam, Iran and Cuba followed the Chinese example.When the cyber gates opened wider, China quickly grew into the largest internet user concentration in the world. But Chinese cyberspace was restricted by a net of growing rules and regulations, software filters, culminating in the Great Chinese Firewall, defending "malignant outside influence" with a "golden shield,"project initiated by ... the CAC, that also organizes the Wuzhen Internet conference."Meanwhile, cyber police monitors and censors any message that is unwanted by the government, and hunts down people who post comments critical of the Communist Party, while making internet-related “crimes” punishable with long jail terms.Splinternet?And while China and other centrally controlled states increasingly compartimentilise the internet, the general idea of “universality” of the WWW was further hampered with growing concerns that Chinese applications were ‘snooping up’ private user data.In April, anti-Chinese internet frenzy reached a boiling point when user of popular video app TikTok claimed that it radically invaded privacy.The user, who posted his “analysis” on Reddit under the name ‘Bangorlol’ said that TikTok snooped up hardware IDs, memory usage, apps installed, IP addresses, Wi-Fi access points, GPS pings at a temporal resolution of 30 seconds.True or not, the Indian government, already entangled in an increasingly tense border dispute with China, banned TikTok and 58 other Chinese applications. One month later, the hammer fell when US President Donald Trump issued an executive order aimed at eventually banning TikTok and its owner ByteDance Ltd. Tim fights backMeanwhile, WWW founder Tim Berners-Lee has turned himself into an activist fighting government restrictions imposed by governments for whatever reasons when he published his “Contract for the Web” that aims to “ensure everyone can connect to the internet,” while “all of the internet” should be kept available “all of the time”. This means that companies and governments must “respect and protect people’s fundamental online privacy and data rights.”To date, the “contract” is endorsed by 563 companies dealing with the internet, including China-based companies such as YQTC Tech.
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P&O Cruises has extended the pause in operations into April 2021 in response to the current uncertainty around European ports of call.