Gareth Southgate has opted for the Ettifaq midfielder in the absence of Trent Alexander-Arnold and Mason Mount.
Henderson’s long-term future for the national team has been cast into some doubt by his move to Saudi Arabia, with Southgate saying he will have to assess the midfielder over the course of the campaign, but he joins Jude Bellingham and Declan Rice in the midfield.
In the absence of Luke Shaw and John Stones, both missing through injury, Southgate has also made changes to his usual back four, with Levi Colwill, Fikayo Tomori and Brighton’s Lewis Dunk losing out to Marc Guehi for a spot next to Harry Maguire at centre-back.
Ben Chilwell comes in at left-back for his first start since the 2-0 win over Ukraine at Wembley in March's reverse fixture.
Harry Kane and Bukayo Saka have both of the three sport up front on lockdown, with Marcus Rashford, Phil Foden and Eberechi Eze benched with Tottenham’s in-form Maddison starting.
England XI: Pickford; Walker, Guehi, Maguire, Chilwell; Henderson, Rice, Bellingham; Saka, Kane, Maddison
Subs: Johnstone, Ramsdale, Colwill, Dunk, Tomori, Trippier, Gallagher, Rashford, Phillips, Eze, Foden, Nketiah, Wilson
Injuries: Alexander-Arnold, Grealish, Mount, Shaw, James, Stones
Time and date: 5pm BST today
Venue: Stadion Wroclaw