Restrictions on travel and large public gatherings, aimed at containing the spread of coronavirus, are beginning to affect cultural events worldwide. More are likely to be subject to falling ticket sales and outright cancellations.
Here is the latest information on how the outbreak is affecting upcoming events in the world of music, film, theatre, art and publishing.
Music tours and gigs
Billie Eilish: On March 12, the 18-year-old singer postponed her sold-out North American tour indefinitely. Rescheduled dates have yet been announced, and all tickets will be honoured.
Stormzy: UK grime artist Stormzy postponed the Asia leg of his worldwide tour “due to the ongoing health and travel concerns surrounding coronavirus”. He had been due to play in March in cities including Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia.
Mabel: Stormzy’s fellow Brit winner Mabel cancelled the Italian leg of her European tour, on the advice of the Italian health ministry.
Louis Tomlinson: The former One Direction star cancelled his Milan dates after large public gatherings were banned. He has advised fans to hold onto their tickets, promising to be back in Milan in July.
Pearl Jam: The veteran rock band were supposed to begin a world tour in North America, with the first concert on March 13. That leg of the tour, however, has now been cancelled, with the first date now scheduled to be a concert in Germany on June 23.
Madonna: The pop singer cancelled two concerts in Paris, scheduled to take place on March 10 and 11, owing to French governmental restrictions on large public gatherings.
The Who: The rockers have cancelled their UK tour, due to start on March 16 and run until April 8.
Avril Lavigne: The Canadian pop singer cancelled 12 dates of her world tour in Asia, including Shanghai, the Philippines, Tokyo, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
Mariah Carey: The American singer’s Honolulu concert, slated for March 10, was postponed until November 28 – and will now be Christmas-themed.
Foals: The band cancelled three shows in Japan, due to begin on March 3.
The National: The band have cancelled two shows in Tokyo, scheduled for March 18 and 19.
New Order: The Mancunian veterans have postponed their Japanese dates.
Miley Cyrus and Lil Nas X were due to perform at the World Tour Bushfire Relief concert in Melbourne, on March 13, but the concert has now been postponed.
Green Day: Billie Joe Armstrong’s punk rockers postponed the Asian leg of their Hella Mega Tour.
BTS: K-pop’s preeminent boy band cancelled an upcoming concert series in South Korea’s capital Seoul. Many fans who had tickets to these shows are giving back by donating their refunded cash to disaster-relief charities.
The Pixies: The US rockers cancelled three shows in China in February and March, but are still planning to tour Japan.
Sam Fender: As a result of the Swiss government’s policy of closing all events with over 1,000 attendees, the British singer postponed his March 1 gig “until September”.
Ciara: The Grammy-winning singer postponed a March 19 concert in Texas.
Kenny G, 98 Degrees and Spandau Ballet singer Tony Hadley have also postponed upcoming dates in Singapore.
Slipknot: The American heavy metal band have postponed their upcoming tour of Asia, including an appearance at their own festival, Knotfest, in Japan.
Bob Dylan: The American folk singer-songwriter's tour of Japan has been cancelled. He was due to perform 15 concerts in Tokyo and Osaka in April.
Glastonbury: The festival, which last year was attended by approximately 175,000 people, was cancelled on March 18. As many as 135,000 tickets had already been sold.
Korea Times Music Festival: The most prominent annual Korean music event in America, which takes place in Los Angeles, was indefinitely postponed.
South by Southwest: The annual festival of music, film and media, which takes place in Texas in mid-March, has been cancelled. Several major participants had already pulled out; they included Netflix, Apple, Twitter, TikTok and Facebook.
Coachella: Due to run on the weekends of April 10–12 and April 17–19, the Californian festival has now been postponed to October 9–11 and October 16–18. Several cases of coronavirus have been confirmed in the state, and a state of emergency has been declared.
Stagecoach: The country-music festival, due to run from April 24–26, has (like Coachella) been postponed to October 23–25.
Ultra Music Festival Miami: The annual electronic-music festival in Florida, which last three days and attracts 165,000 fans, has been cancelled. It was due to begin on March 20.
Tomorrowland Winter: The second “winter edition” of the French electronic-music festival, due to begin on March 14, has been cancelled.
Snowbombing Festival: The ski and music festival, held annually in the Austrian alpine resort of Mayrhofen, has been cancelled. The festival was due to run from April 13–18m with Liam Gallagher and Foals headlining.
Wigmore Hall: The venue closed on March 16, until April 14 at least.
Royal Opera House: The venue closed on March 16.
All opera houses in northern Italy, including the iconic La Scala, have temporarily shut down, and all performances have been cancelled until further notice.
As of March 10, all German state theatres, opera houses and concert halls are also to be closed.
The European Broadcasting Union has announced it is “looking at various scenarios” after an employee of the Union was tested positive for the virus in Geneva and the Director General of the EBU imposed a travel restriction on employees. It is possible that performers will be invited to submit video links rather than attend the contest in Rotterdam on May 16.
There are widespread cinema closures across Asia and Europe, and cinemas in America and Britain are now beginning to follow suit. Odeon Cinemas, Britain and Ireland’s second-largest chain, as well as independent chains Picturehouse and Curzon, closed on March 17.
In addition, a number of releases and productions have been postponed or cancelled.
The Batman: Robert Pattinson's caped crusader shut down its UK production for two weeks on March 16.
No Time To Die: The release of the latest James Bond film has been pushed back from April to November 2020. It will now hit cinemas in the UK on November 12 and worldwide on November 25. Publicity plans for the film in China, Japan and South Korea had previously been canceled because of the outbreak.
Peter Rabbit 2: Sony’s live-action/CGI sequel has been postponed. It was due to be released in the UK and Europe on March 27, but now it will appear on August 7. James Corden will voice the titular rabbit; Margot Robbie and Elizabeth Debicki also provide voices, and Rose Byrne, Domhnall Gleeson and David Oyelowo appear in live-action roles.
Mulan: The Chinese release date of Disney’s most expensive live-action remake yet (budget: $200 million) was put on on hold at the beginning of the outbreak. The film was due to be released in the UK and US on March 27 but has now been pulled from the schedule along with Disney releases The New Mutants and the horror movie Antlers.
Fast & Furious 9: The Vin Diesel action film has been pulled from its May release date and will now hit cinemas on April 2 2021.
Avatar 2, 3 and 4: The second, third and fourth films in James Cameron's franchise, which were being filmed concurrently in New Zealand, have suspended production. (The VFX studio Weta Digital, however, is continuing work behind closed doors.)
The Matrix 4: Warner Bros' sci-fi reboot had already moved its set once, from San Francisco to Berlin, before this week calling a halt to production entirely. The film will star Keanu Reeves, Carrie Anne-Moss and Yahya Abdul-Mateen II, and is scheduled for release in May 2021.
Fantastic Beasts 3: The latest film based on JK Rowling's fantasy series was due to begin production in London on March 16, but was called off.
Elvis: Baz Lurhmann halted production on his Elvis Presley biopic after star Tom Hanks tested positive for the virus, along with his wife Rita Wilson. The film was shooting in Australia and is scheduled for release next year.
Mission: Impossible VII: Paramount halted filming on a planned three-week shoot in Venice on February 25 and the production crew was sent home. “During this hiatus,” a spokesperson for Paramount said in a statement, “we want to be mindful of the concerns of the crew and are allowing them to return home until production starts. We will continue to monitor this situation, and work alongside health and government officials as it evolves.” Tom Cruise was not in Italy at the time.
A Quiet Place II: The follow up to John Krasinski's 2018 blockbuster has postponed its European release date in a bid to avoid short-term disruption. The film was originally billed for a March 19 release.
The Prom: Ryan Murphy's Netflix feature starring Meryl Streep and Nicole Kidman has suspended production. The film was close to wrapping, but lost its permit to shoot on a school site in LA.
Lovebirds: The romantic comedy starring Kumail Nanjiani and Issa Rae has postponed its global release date. The film was due to open April 3.
Cannes: This year’s Cannes Film Festival is due to take place from May 12–23. It is currently scheduled to go ahead as planned, although French government restrictions would currently make that impossible. A spokesperson for the festival said that it was “monitoring carefully the developments and the latest guidelines” around the outbreak, but that it “it is still premature” to make any assumptions about how it will affect the festival.
Red Sea Film Festival: The inaugural festival in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has been cancelled. It was due to begin on March 12, and was the first film festival with official Ministry of Culture oversight since the kingdom’s 35-year prohibition on public theatres was lifted three years ago.
Beijing International Film Festival: The Chinese government’s flagship film festival has been postponed from its scheduled dates in late April. Although China’s Film Bureau released guidelines for the eventual reopening of its cinemas, most remain closed.
The American Film Institute’s Life Achievement Award gala: The annual ceremony, set to celebrate Julie Andrews this year, was scheduled for April 25 at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, but has been rescheduled for early summer.
Prague Film Festival: The international festival, which was due to begin on March 19, has been cancelled after the Czech Ministry of Health imposed a ban on cinema screenings.
CinemaCon: The annual convention of movie theatre owners, which was scheduled to run from March 30 to April 2 in Las Vegas, has been cancelled. Organisers of the global film industry event initially resisted calls to postpone, but gave into pressure from distributors.
GLAAD Media Awards: The awards show, which recognises LGBT people from film, theatre, TV, music and journalism, has been cancelled. The event was billed for March 19 and was set to stage a major "get-out-the-vote" campaign in the lead up to the US presidential election.
Wondercon: The annual comic book, science fiction and film convention in Anaheim, California has been postponed. It was due to run from April 10-12.
Tribeca Film Festival: The independent film festival which runs annually in Tribeca, New York has been postponed, following news that state Governor Andrew Cuomo has issued a ban on gatherings of more than 500 people. The festival was due to run from April 15-26.
Netflix: Production on all Netflix Originals shows in America and Canada was suspended by Monday 16. This includes the fourth season of popular supernatural teen drama Stranger Things.
Line of Duty: Filming on the award-winning BBC crime drama was suspended on Monday 16. The show is shot in Northern Ireland.
Peaky Blinders: Production on the sixth series of the BBC's Birmingham-set period drama was suspended on Monday 16. The show is also shot in Northern Ireland.
Lord of the Rings: As of the same date, the set for Amazon's Tolkien series in New Zealand also closed until further notice.
Tong Wars: Amazon’s new series from Hong Kong director Wong Kar-wai has been delayed indefinitely, according to the South China Morning Post. Wong's other series Blossoms, a drama about Chinese society, has also been put on hold.
Riverdale: After a crew member came into contact with someone who tested positive, the Warner Bros set in Vancouver was shut down, and the production of season four was indefinitely postponed.
Survivor: The filming of season 41 of the reality series was due to begin in mid-March, on the Mamanuca Islands chain in Fiji, with season 42 to follow shortly afterwards in May, but CBS delayed both series by two months.
The Amazing Race: CBS's other major reality/entertainment series, which was being filmed in the UK, has also been put on hold.
The Handmaid's Tale: The Hulu drama based on Margaret Atwood's fiction, which was renewed for a fourth season, has had its production suspended indefinitely.
Marvel for Disney+: Production on every Marvel TV series, including Loki, WandaVision, and The Falcon and the Winter Soldier, has been halted until further notice.
Superstore: The NBC comedy had filmed all but one of the fifth season's episodes when it had to suspend production. Lead actress America Ferrara was due to leave after the finale; both its and her future are now unclear.
The Morning Show: Apple TV+'s drama, starring Reese Witherspoon and Jennifer Aniston, has put production on hold until the end of March while the viability of continuing is assessed.
Late-night shows: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, Late Night with Seth Meyers and Jimmy Kimmel Live have all gone on indefinite hiatus. Currently, Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, Full Frontal with Samantha Bee and The Daily Show with Trevor Noah are continuing, but without studio audiences.
The Ellen DeGeneres Show: The US talk-show host has suspended production of her show until March 30.
In the US, following a New York-wide ban on gatherings of more than 500 people, on March 12 all Broadway shows went dark until at least April 12.
The UK has since followed suit, with the Prime Minister asking audiences to stay away from communal venues such as theatres, pubs and restaurants, and a large number of venues including the Royal Court, Sadler’s Wells, the Old Vic and the National Theatre immediately announcing their closure.
Guildhall: The iconic London school of music and drama also closed on March 2 after a member of staff tested positive for coronavirus.
Bristol Old Vic: The theatre company had already cancelled its touring run of Cyrano at the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts from February 12–16.
Sadler’s Wells: The Clerkenwell-based theatre company had cancelled a performance of William Forsythe’s A Quiet Evening of Dance at the Kwai Tsing Theatre on February 18. It went on to close its own doors on March 16.
A large number of smaller private galleries have announced their closure. Large institutions may soon follow suit, following the Government's advice of March 16.
British Museum: The institution closed on March 18 until further notice.
The Tate galleries, including Tate Modern, Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives, closed on the evening of March 17, until at least May 1.
The National Gallery has been forced to postpone its blockbuster Artemisia Gentileschi show, titled "Artemisia" and scheduled to open on April 4. The gallery cited "logistical and organisational reasons" that made the opening impossible, and said it would contact those who had already bought tickets.
South London Gallery: the first publicly funded British art gallery to close, on March 14.
Camden Arts Centre: the Camden mixed art space closed on March 16.
The Wellcome collection: the London museum and gallery closed on March 16.
The Louvre: The world’s largest art museum, which receives approximately 10 million visitors a year, was closed on March 1 after a staff meeting to discuss the outbreak. It reopened on the afternoon of March 3, then closed again on March 13. Other closures in the French capital, until further notice, include the Centre Pompidou, Musée d’Orsay, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville, Musée de l’Orangerie and Palais de Tokyo.
The Institute of Contemporary Art: The mixed arts centre in central London closed on 16 March until further notice.
Art Paris: The annual fair, scheduled to begin on April 2, has been moved to May 28–31. Fair director Guillaume Piens had initially refused to change the dates, saying “there’s too much hysteria” around the outbreak, but action by the French government forced a move.
The Irish Museum of Modern Art and National Gallery of Ireland, both in Dublin, have closed for the foreseeable future.
Art Dubai: The Middle-East fair, scheduled for March 25–28, has been cancelled. Anne-Claudie Coric of Galerie Daniel Templon in Paris told The Art Newspaper that the decision became inevitable: “Too many collectors are afraid of flying and being quarantined.”
Van Gogh’s Sunflowers: The painting, which left Europe for the first time for Tokyo’s National Museum of Western Art, were not on display from March 3 as scheduled. The Japanese exhibition will remain closed until March 16.
Scuderie del Quirinale: The institution in Rome has now closed. It had been holding a major Raphael exhibition (with over 200 works) since March 5, and was due to run until June 2. The Vatican Museums have followed suit.
Fondazione Prada in Milan has closed until further notice.
The Uffizi Gallery in Florence will also be closed until further notice.
In Venice, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection and the Palazzo Grassi are now closed.
In Amsterdam, the Van Gogh Museum, Rijksmuseum and Stedelijk Museum are all shut until further notice, while in Den Haag, the Mauritshuis is shut as well.
Madrid's Museo del Prado is closed until further notice.
In New York, all three sites of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) (including MoMA PS1) are closed, as are other institutions such as the Brooklyn Museum, Frick Collection and Judd Foundation.
Livre Paris: The French book fair, scheduled for later this month, has been cancelled.
London Book Fair: The London event was due to open on March 10, but was subsequently cancelled. HarperCollins, Hachette, Simon & Schuster, Pan Macmillan and Penguin Random House had already told staff not to attend, despite the insistence of director Jacks Thomas that it would still go ahead.
Leipzig Book Fair: The German fair, due to open on March 12, has been cancelled.
VS Naipaul memorial: A March 13 service in memory of the late novelist VS Naipaul, due to be held at the National Portrait Gallery in London, has been cancelled. Jeremy Irons was to have been among the readers.
Bologna Book Fair: Publishing houses Penguin and Simon & Schuster will not attend the Italian fair, as pressure mounts on the organisers to cancel after the government imposed a country-wide quarantine.
National Book Critics Circle Awards: The finalists’ readings and annual awards ceremony, due to take place on March 11 and March 12, have been cancelled.
Words Weekend: The spoken-word and literary festival, due to take place at the Lowry in Salford from March 27–29, has been cancelled.